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译文:如何选择你的第一条帆船

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发表于 2015-3-19 13:57 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
HOW TO CHOOSE YOUR FIRST YACHT
如何选择你的第一条帆船

The more accurately you can pictureideal sailing location, wind conditions and crew, the easier it is to chooseyour first yacht.
11 June 2014.
你越能准确的描绘理想中的航行地点,风的情况和乘员,就越容易选择你的第一条帆船。
2014年6月11日
By Rupert Holmes
文章著者:Rupert Holmes
编译:穿云望天

Buying your first yacht has the potential to be daunting,especially given the wide choice of sizes, ages and styles of craft available.However, a cool-headed and analytical approach will enable you to narrow thechoices down to a sensible short list, and you should be able to choose yourfirst yacht in no time at all.
购买第一条帆船存在让人气馁的可能,特别是面对大量不同尺寸,不同船龄,不同工艺风格供选择时。无论如何,一个清醒的头脑和善于分析的态度会使你缩小选择范围至一个合理的短列表,然后你就可以快速的选择你的第一条帆船。

The first step is to develop a clear idea of the kind ofsailing you intend to use the boat for. Do you, for instance, picturestress-free pottering on relaxing weekends, or getting your teeth into thechallenge of long passages, or adrenaline-fueled round the cans racing?
第一步是形成你要用这个船做那种航海的清楚想法。举例说:一个悠然逍遥的轻松周末的图景,或急剧挑战的长途旅程,亦或令人热血沸腾绕圈赛。

Who do you expect to be sailing with most often? This isalso an important factor – if you have a group of friends who are alreadycompetent sailors that may point in a different direction to those who plan tosail with inexperienced members of their own family. Once you have answers to thesequestions you can make an informed assessment of the key attributes youactually need from a boat and the areas in which you would be happy tocompromise.
你期待经常与谁一起航海?这也是个非常重要的因素-如果你有一群已经能胜任水手的朋友的话,相比计划与自己没有经验的家人一起航行,选择将指向不同的方向。一旦你对这些问题有了答案,根据你所需要船应具有的关键因素和非关键因素,就可做一个有依据性的评估。

It’s important to recognise the extent to which choosinga boat is all about compromises. One with lots of interior space is likely tobe very appealing, but it’s also liable to be more stressful to manoeuvre in atight space, may have undesirable handling characteristics and is likely to beless fun to sail than one that does not pack as much accommodation into a givenlength of hull.
非常重要的是认识到选船就是关于能够接受妥协的程度。有很多独立内部空间似乎很吸引人,但也使在狭小空间操作的有了更多压迫感,可能会有不理想的操作特性,对比那些没有在同样尺寸的船体内装入更多的舱位的船来说,也减少了航海的乐趣。

Your choice of first boat will also depend on yourexisting sailing experience – some first-time buyers have only spent a handfulof weekends afloat, while others have tens of thousands of miles of experience.In any case, try to get experience sailing as many different boats as possiblebefore going down the route of buying a boat – this will be valuable experiencethat will help give a clear idea of what will suit you best and minimises therisk of you buying an unsuitable vessel.
你第一艘船的选择也依赖于之前的航海经历——有些首次买家只花费屈指可数的周末漂浮,而其他的可能已有上万英里的经历。无论那种情况,在进入购买环节之前尽量获得多种不同船的航海经历——这些有价值的经历会帮助获得什么才是最适合你的清晰想法,并减小买到不适合轮船的风险。

WHAT SIZE OF BOAT?
什么尺寸的船

The subject of what size of yacht makes a good first timebuy is the topic of much bar-room chat, with many people espousing differentviews. Old timers, who learnt to sail when boats were much more expensive andsail-handling systems relatively primitive, will frequently insist that a smallboat is by far the best option – after all, it worked for them. However, inreality, a wide range of boats are suitable as first yachts and many first-timebuyers are currently opting for boats in the 35-45ft bracket.
第一次买什么尺寸帆船的话题就象酒吧间里的议论,不同的人拥护不同的观点。老家伙们,学航海时帆船还是非常昂贵并且航海操作系统相对原始,他们会不断强调小船是最好的选项,无论如何,小船很适合他们。然而,现实是,有很宽范围的船都适合选作第一艘帆船,并且现在很多首次买家选择35-45英尺的船。


HOW TO CHOOSE YOUR FIRST YACHT:BUDGETING
如何选你的第一艘帆船:预算
Unlike buying other expensive items, such as areplacement car, the purchase price of any boat needs to be somewhat lower thanthe total amount of money you want to spend up front. Additional initial costsinclude a survey, insurance, renewing ageing equipment, plus the first year’smooring fees. It’s also important to figure out a realistic annual budget.
不像买其它昂贵物品,比如替换车子,任何船所需的购买价格似乎都低于你想花费的全部金额。额外的最初费用包括检验,保险,更新老化设备,加上第一年的停泊费。计算出合理的季度预算也很重要。

When drawing up a budget it’s important to include agenerous allowance for unexpected contingencies – most new boat ownerssignificantly underestimate total costs. The replacement price of accessoriessuch as electronics, safety equipment, deck gear and sails can greatly exceedthe value of the hull and rig, especially for older yachts. It’s also worth makingan allowance for infrequent big-ticket items, for example if you have toreplace the engine during your ownership of the boat. As a result, anapparently expensive older boat that’s well equipped, with plenty of recentgear, can often be a bargain.
当草拟预算时,记入充裕的不可预测的意外花费很重要-很多新船主严重低估整体费用。配件替换,比如电器,安全设备,甲板齿轮,帆等配件的价格可能极大超过船体和桅杆,特别是老帆船。为那些不常替换的大价格物品做充裕的预算也很必要,举例说如果你不得不在拥有船的时期替换引擎。结果是,一个看起来有由很多新设备装备的昂贵旧船通常是可以用做来讨价的条件。
One barrier that has diminished since the economicdownturn is finding a place to keep a yacht – even in the more popular parts ofthe UKthere are now both moorings and marina berths available. However, beforecommitting to buy a boat it’s still worth enquiring about availability – youmay well not be able to get your first choice location – and about prices,which can vary considerably.

自从经济衰退以来,为帆船找到地方存放的障碍已经减小—即使在英国颇受欢迎的地方现在也有空缺的停泊位和码头。然而,在确定买船之前还是应获得空位情况-你有可能无法获得首选位置-还有价格可能会差异很大。

Although many lower-value boats are funded by cash orpersonal loans, it’s worth investigating marine mortgages, which are aresecured on the vessel, for boats of a higher value. In addition, marine financecompanies will help to smooth the legal process – they have just as muchinterest as you have in confirming a clean and unencumbered title, valuationand VAT status.
虽然很多低值船是由现金或个人贷款获得资金,但也值得调查高价值船所具有的海洋抵押担保。此外,海洋财务公司会帮助顺利完成法律程序-在确认明晰的未偿还项目,价值和税务状况等方面,他们与你有同样的利益。

Once you’ve figured out the size and style of boat youwould like, and nailed down a realistic budget with sensible contingencies, youcan start scanning yachts advertised for sale online (51航海二手帆船交易yacht world)and can then draw up a short list of boats to view. It’sworth remembering that there are many overpriced and poorly cared for boatsthat stick on the market, while nicely looked after craft that arerealistically priced can sell relatively quickly. So don’t be despondent if thefirst few boats you view are disappointing.

一旦你确定你喜欢船的尺寸和风格,并且敲定一个现实并结合合理偶然开销的预算,你可以开始搜索销售帆船的广告,并且把浏览的船做个列表。请记住在市场上有很多标高和不善于维护的船,那些通过加工看起来好看且价格合理的很快会被卖掉。所以,如果开始时看到另你失望的船不要丧失信心。



especially,potential,sailing,choice,easier 译文:如何选择你的第一条帆船

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 楼主| 发表于 2015-3-19 14:03 | 显示全部楼层
LEGAL PROCESS AND SURVEYS
法律流程和检测

Once you’ve found a suitable boat, the next stage is tomake an offer, subject to a satisfactory survey, evidence of title, financeapproval (if appropriate) and evidence of VAT paid status.
一旦你找到适合的船,下一步就是询价,进行一个满意度检测,所有权证明,财务审批(如果适用),完税证明。

A written contract is vital at this stage, and is usuallyaccompanied by a 10 per cent deposit. If the boat is sold through a brokerthat’s a member of the Yacht Brokers Designers and Surveyors Association, then the YBDSA contract should be used. Alternatively,the RYA has a standard contract that members can download via the association’swebsite. New boats in the UKwill normally be sold under the British Marine Federation’s standard contract.
书面合同在这阶段非常重要,通常包括10%的预付款。如果船通过隶属于(帆船经纪人设计者和检测者协会YBDSA)的会员经纪人销售,那么应该用YBDSA的合同。或者,RYA有标准合同供其会员通过该协会网站下载。在英国,新船通常用不列颠海事联盟标准合同销售。

The purpose if this contractual process is to protectagainst potential pitfalls, including whether the vendor is actually the legalowner and whether there are any charges such as unpaid mooring fees, repairbills, loans or marine mortgages that third parties may have levied against thevessel.
合同签署程序的目的是保护潜在的陷阱,包括售卖商是否合法的拥有者,是否有未付的停泊费用,未支付的账单,贷款和海洋贷款等第三方需要从该船征收的费用。

It’s also important to recognise that, unlike offering tobuy a house in the UK,your offer becomes legally binding at this early stage, usually with arequirement to complete the purchase within 14 days. Given the legal obligationto complete the purchase, insurance should be in place when the contract issigned.
有一点需要认识到,不像在英国出价买房子,你的买船出价会在这个阶段受到法律约束,通常包括14天内完成购买。根据法律义务完成购买,保险也是在签合同时完成。

If the survey finds materialdefects that would in aggregate cost more than around 10 per cent of thepurchase price to repair you have a number of choices. These includerenegotiating the price (often the estimated repair costs are shared betweenbuyer and seller), asking the seller to make good the damage to the surveyor’ssatisfaction, or withdrawing from the purchase.
如果检测发现材料缺陷并且可能超过购买总价10%的花费进行维修,你将有几种选择。包括重新议价(提供估算的维修成本与买家和卖家共享),要求卖家按照检测人的要求进行修复,或者撤销购买。

***如有翻译不当的,请及时指出,好修正并避免出现误导,谢谢!***


延伸参考:


关于进口全新,二手帆船的海关手续,据网友说国内目前不能进口二手船,请与报关行或代理进行详细了解,不同海关操作可能不同。


especially,potential,sailing,choice,easier 译文:如何选择你的第一条帆船
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发表于 2015-3-19 22:51 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主的译文,学习了。期待你更多的译文especially,potential,sailing,choice,easier 译文:如何选择你的第一条帆船 especially,potential,sailing,choice,easier 译文:如何选择你的第一条帆船 especially,potential,sailing,choice,easier 译文:如何选择你的第一条帆船
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发表于 2015-3-20 16:44 | 显示全部楼层
感谢分享啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊啊
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发表于 2015-3-23 08:19 | 显示全部楼层
LZ辛苦了,谢谢
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发表于 2015-3-23 08:49 | 显示全部楼层
配图的船型是什么型号?
来自我要航海网Android手机客户端
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